Amfiana Gherman 1*, Anca ALIONESCU2, Mădălina SUCALĂ1
1Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
2Clinical Centre of Diabetes, Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
Psychological insulin resistance can lead to serious health consequences, which, in turn, affect patients’ quality of life. Previous interventions have been focused on providing health education, with several meta-analyses indicating that providing relevant medical information on diabetes self-care and biological outcomes can be effective, with small to moderate effect sizes. However, research indicates that, in addition to being informed about diabetes and its treatment, there are also cognitive factors, such as dysfunctional beliefs about insulin, affecting patients’ willingness to accept the treatment. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the efficacy of a one-session cognitive intervention targeting psychological insulin resistance by restructuring patients’ dysfunctional beliefs about the treatment. Sixty patients were randomized to either an Intervention group, or a Control group. The Intervention had a success rate of 40% (12 out of 30 patients), compared to the Control group which was16.6% (5 out of 30). The cognitive restructuring techniques combined with medical education, seem promising in reducing psychological insulin resistance. The study has a clinical and societal impact, indicating that a one-session cognitive restructuring intervention could help about 40% of people with psychological insulin resistance to start their treatment and avoid the medical complications associated with insulin refusal.
Keywords: psychological insulin resistance, cognitive restructuring
Published online: 2017/03/01
Published print: 2017/03/01
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