Patrizia Mordenti*1,Michela Monfredo1, Camilla Di Nunzio1, Ornella Bettinardi1, Andrea Spoto2, Luigi Cavanna1
1Hospital Guglielmo da Saliceto, Piacenza, Italy
2University of Padua, Padua, Italy
Given the high incidence of distress and its high negative impact on quality of life, routine screening for distress is today recognized as a standard of care in oncology practice. It is demonstrated that a quickly identification of distress may lead to prompt treatment and consequently to a better adherence to the oncologic plan. The main aims of this research were to identify factors associated with distress and propose a simple and acceptable method to measure distress and unmet needs of oncologic patients, apart from Distress Thermometer. During the first visit, a brief interview with a psychologist and two questionnaires (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Psychological Distress Inventory) were administered to all new patients accessing our Unit. From January to June 2013, 100 new oncologic patients were screened for distress. The presence of symptoms at diagnosis was related to type of cancer and gender, being pain more frequent in men and asthenia in women. Moreover, living alone resulted to be a risk factor for distress. Using a brief interview and two simple self-administered questionnaires, the detection of distress can be very quick. This may allow for fast interventions thus improving the quality of life and adherence to the oncologic treatment.
Keywords: distress, screening, cancer, unmet needs, supportive care
Published online: 2016/09/01
Published print: 2016/09/01
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