Daniel DAVID*1 & Stefan G. HOFMANN2
1Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
2Boston University, Boston, USA
In this article we explore the fundamentals of the “third wave” cognitive behavioral therapies (i.e., Acceptance and Commitment Therapy; ACT), based on the debate between Descartes and Spinoza about our mental representation and understanding. We argue that although ACT techniques might work in various clinical conditions, their underlying theory is debatable and therefore, the efficacy/effectiveness of ACT techniques could be better conceptualized based on classic cognitive-behavioral theory.
Keywords: Descartes vs. Spinoza debate, cognitive-behavioral therapy, cognitive therapy, rational emotive behavioral therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy