Csaba L. DEGI*1, Piroska BALOG2, Maria KOPP2, Éva KÁLLAY1, Julian F. THAYER3, Ellen L. CSIKAI4
¹Babeş-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
2Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
3Ohio State University, Ohio, USA
4The University of Alabama, Alabama, USA
Cancer incidence and mortality rates in Hungary are the highest in the Central-Eastern European region. Our investigative study examined associations of cancer-prone behavioral risk factors, psychosocial variables and demographic characteristics with cancer treatment on a population level. Data were obtained from the Hungarostudy 2002, a cross-sectional, representative survey of the adult Hungarian population (n=12643). Controlling for all other study variables in a binary logistic regression model, results revealed that the odds of having been treated for cancer were almost twice as high among persons with depression and respondents who experienced negative life events than for those who were not depressed and reported no negative life events. These results send a warning signal to the Hungarian health care system regarding the widespread need for education, prevention, psycho-social screening programs and treatment of depression.
Keywords: depression, negative life events, cancer treatment, population study