Maria C. Simoncini1, Luigi Santoro2, Federica Baggi.1, Luiz F. Nevola Teixeira1*, Michele Sciotto Marotta1, Fabio Sandrin1, Emilio Bonacossa1, Gabriella Lanni1, Maria A. Massaro3, Mattia Intra3, Carmen Berrocal4
1Physiotherapy Service, European Institute of Oncology, via Ripamonti 435, 20141 Milan, Italy
2Epidemiology and Biostatistic Division, European Institute of Oncology, via Ripamonti 435, 20141 Milan, Italy
3Senology Division, European Institute of Oncology, via Ripamonti 435, 20141 Milan, Italy
4Department of Surgical, Medical and Molecular Pathology and Critical Care Medicine, University of Pisa, via Savi 10, 56126 Pisa, Italy
The objective of this study was to explore the effectiveness of an early-onset, self-administered rehabilitation protocol supported by a group-based educational program and visual material (GRV) in patients who had undergone axillary lymph node dissection (ALND). A total of 186 patients were randomly assigned either to the GRV (n = 93) or to the usual rehabilitation (UR) (n = 93). Patients in the GRV program received group education supported by visual information while the UR program was conducted on an individual basis, and it was not supported by visual information. Primary endpoint was adherence to treatment. Secondary endpoints were shoulder range of motion, lymphedema, disability, pain, quality of life, patient satisfaction, and time devoted to each patient. They were measured at baseline and at post-intervention. The groups did not significantly differ in any outcome measure at post-intervention. While both GRV and UR programs yielded similar high improvements, the average time devoted to each patient was significantly lower in the GRV program. The findings in this study suggest that the usual one-to-one education approach is not superior to a group approach in rehabilitation for breast surgery involving ALND. GRV may constitute a time-efficient alternative to traditional one-to-one approaches.
Keywords: Psychoeducation, group interventions, breast neoplasm, axillary lymph node dissection, rehabilitation
Published online: 2017/09/01
Published print: 2017/09/01
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