Octavia Căpățînă1, Mihaela Fadgyas Stănculete*1, Ioana Micluția1
1 Department of Neurosciences, Discipline of Psychiatry and Pediatric Psychiatry, Iuliu Hațieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Romania
Background: Current research suggests that negative symptoms may not be a unitary construct. Factor analytic studies typically found evidence for a two-factor solution of the negative symptom domain: the expressive and the volitional deficit. This study aimed to investigate whether the two-factor solution of negative symptoms is supported across different instruments o evaluation: PANSS and NSA-16 in outpatients with schizophrenia and to explore the relationship between these domains and sociodemographic, clinical, and metabolic outcomes, routinely assessed in daily practice. Another aim was to determine clinical predictors of negative symptoms domains among these variables. Materials and methods: 107 patients with schizophrenia were included in this cross-sectional study. The Principal Component Analysis was used to identify negative symptom domains and Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient and multiple regression analyses were used to assess the relationship between the negative symptom domains and clinical variables. Results: PCA indicated a two-component solution explaining 85.2% of the variance for the NSA-16 subscales, reflecting an expressive deficit and an experiential deficit component. Age of onset of the disease and the cognitive deficit were significant predictors of the expressive deficit , body mass index and the number of admissions in the hospital for the experiential deficit. Conclusions: The current findings indicate that the expressive deficit and the experiential deficit should be considered as distinct domains of the psychopathology and should be rated separately.
Please cite this article as: Căpățînă, O., Stănculete, M. F., & Micluția, I. (2021). PREDICTORS OF NEGATIVE SYMPTOM DOMAINS IN OUTPATIENTS WITH SCHIZOPHRENIA: A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY. Journal of Evidence-Based Psychotherapies, 21(2).
Published online: 2021/09/01
Published print: 2021/09/01
Keywords: expressive deficit, experiential deficit, negative symptoms, predictive factors, schizophrenia