1 Department of Sports Science, College of Education, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China.
During this coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, smartphones play an important role in online classes, study, and entertainment. However, excessive use may lead to smartphone addiction (SPA). The incidence of SPA among students has increased with the spread of COVID-19 and threatens to impair home-based students’ learning efficiency and physical and mental health. This study aimed to provide a comprehensive overview of the latest achievements in SPA prevention and treatment, and a theoretical basis for future experimental research and clinical treatment, while considering their applicability during the current pandemic. We researched the core literature in Chinese, English, and Korean databases from 2000 to 2021; 3208 articles were identified. After reading the titles, abstracts, and full texts, 53 articles were selected. Research on SPA interventions was relatively limited; we identified six types of prevention and treatment measures: psychotherapies, cognitive training, behavioral intervention, application restriction, social intervention, and complementary and alternative medicine. They can be implemented by students, parents, or online experts. Future research should focus on developing early measures to identify and prevent SPA and enhance students’ change motivation.
Please cite this article as: Liu, X. X. (2021). A systematic review of prevention and intervention strategies for smartphone addiction in students: Applicability during the COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Evidence-Based Psychotherapies, 21(2).
Published online: 2021/09/01
Published print: 2021/09/01
Keywords: COVID-19; smartphone addiction, students, prevention and intervention, systematic review