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SOMATIC COMPLAINTS AND SYMPTOMS OF ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION IN A SCHOOL-BASED SAMPLE OF PREADOLESCENTS AND EARLY ADOLESCENTS. FUNCTIONAL IMPAIRMENT AND IMPLICATIONS FOR TREATMENT

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Teodora C. ZOLOG*¹, Ma Claustre JANE-BALLABRIGA¹, Albert BONILLO- MARTIN¹, Josefa CANALS-SANS², Carmen HERNANDEZ-MARTINEZ², Kelly ROMERO-ACOSTA¹, Eldemira DOMENECH-LLABERIA¹ ¹Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain ²Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, Spain   Abstract This study examined the associations between somatization and specific somatic complaints on one hand, and symptoms of general anxiety, depression and types of anxiety […]

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DEMOGRAPHIC AND INTRAPERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS OF WELL-BEING IN A SAMPLE OF ROMANIAN ADULTS

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Éva KÁLLAY & Gabriel VONAS Babes -Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania   Abstract Attaining well-being (WB) may be a serious goal in life. In the same time, characteristics of well-being may be indices of how well a person can live his/her life. The major aim of the present paper is to evince the main characteristics of […]

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SLEEP BELIEFS, SUBJECTIVE SLEEP QUALITY AND DIURNAL PREFERENCE – FINDINGS FROM DEPRESSED PATIENTS

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This study evaluated the relationship between dysfunctional sleep beliefs, circadian typology and self-reported sleep quality and insomnia. We assessed these parameters both in healthy controls and patients with depression. One hundred eighty six subjects were assessed and completed measures of sleep beliefs, sleep disturbance, sleep quality, daytime sleepiness, depressive symptoms and circadian typology. We found that sleep beliefs are slightly linked with the subjective sleep quality, but with neither the diurnal preference, nor the self-reported insomnia.

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OPTIMISM, PESSIMISM AND NEGATIVE MOOD REGULATION EXPECTANCIES IN CANCER PATIENTS

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the interrelations among optimism, pessimism and negative mood regulation expectancies in predicting distress levels in a sample of women (N=64) diagnosed with breast or cervical cancer. The study offers empirical data that could clarify the relation between these variables impacting emotional distress. Our results indicate that negative mood regulation expectancies completely mediated the effects of pessimism on symptoms of depression and anxiety. The direct relation between negative mood regulation expectancies and emotional distress can be explained by conceptualizing these expectancies as specific beliefs within a response expectancy model.

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DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS, NEGATIVE LIFE EVENTS AND INCIDENCE OF LIFETIME TREATMENT OF CANCER IN THE HUNGARIAN POPULATION

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Cancer incidence and mortality rates in Hungary are the highest in the Central-Eastern European region. Our investigative study examined associations of cancer-prone behavioral risk factors, psychosocial variables and demographic characteristics with cancer treatment on a population level. Data were obtained from the Hungarostudy 2002, a cross-sectional, representative survey of the adult Hungarian population (n=12643). Controlling for all other study variables in a binary logistic regression model, results revealed that the odds of having been treated for cancer were almost twice as high among persons with depression and respondents who experienced negative life events than for those who were not depressed and reported no negative life events. These results send a warning signal to the Hungarian health care system regarding the widespread need for education, prevention, psycho-social screening programs and treatment of depression.

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